REDDOG DIVING - RED SEA
Doug Cook’s Website for Scuba Diving Adventures
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Last Update August 8, 2008
The December 2004 expedition was planned by Michael Pham and James Vandervyver
to explore the nearly virgin reefs north of Umm Lejj.
Dream Voyager Luxury Live-aboard Photo Credit- Steve Barlow
Leaving Umm Lejj at sunrise.
VIDEOS BEST VIEWED AT FULL SCREEN MODE
December, 2004 SASHIB AS SUFLANI 31 mb Video
December, 2004 WHITE TIP REEF SHARKS 28 mb Video
December, 2004 TOM’S WRECK DISCOVERED 43 mb Video
December, 2004 UMM LEJJ DIVE ANTHOLOGY 60 mb Video
Selected stills credit Steve Barlow
August, 2005 HISANI ISLAND to SHAZENIY REEF 50 mb Video
August, 2005 DIVING THE ARGONOPTOUS WRECK 32 mb Video
August, 2005 MARKER 7 DOLPHINS 1 mb Video
August, 2005 MARKER 7 WRECK DISCOVERED 16 mb Video
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THE HISTORY OF TOM’S WRECK AND MARKER 7 WRECK
These are the Ribs of Tom’s Wreck Laid bare by Time and Wave Action at 60 feet (18 m) depth.
Sadana Wreck Length 164 feet (50 m.)
900 tons displacement.
Sank probably on Northbound route from Jeddah to
Egyptian and Ottoman world of the latter 18th century . Southbound ships from
The wreck was dated from the Captain’s stewpot inscribed “Sahibi Ra’is Musa Mahmoud 1178”
Hijra 1178= 1764 AD So we assume that Tom’s Wreck is from this era as well.
How large is Tom’s wreck? Informally reviewing the video and using divers for scale I estimate the ship was at least 100 feet (30 m.) long and had a beam width of at least 25 feet (10 m.) Probably not as large as the Sadana Wreck. Note the huge pile of pottery on the left.
What did Tom’s wreck look like? Without more detailed excavation by marine archaeologists, we can’t be sure but we can use some educated guesses:
INDIAN BUILT SAILING DHOW: Most of the sailing dhows of this age were from
LARGE ADVANCED INDIAN BUILT SAILING DHOW (Mid to late 1700’s): Dhow design begins to converge with European vessels trading in the region. Timbers would be more massive and larger cargos were possible. Tom’s Wreck would need expert archaeological excavation to help sort out the type and origin of the vessel.
Along with the
Arab, Indian, Egyptian and Ottoman local traders, Dutch, French, and English
entrepreneurs were trading this leg of the lucrative silk road. The ship pictured is the fabled
“ADVENTURE GALLEY” of CAPTAIN KIDD. He was sent on a mission to interrupt
French trade in the
When he returned to
December, 2004 Dive Team
MARKER 7 WRECK August, 2005
We planned another
expedition to explore Tom’s wreck in August, 2005. However the Umm Lejj coast guard forbid us
to go north and escorted us to make she we went south of
The Argonoptous was known to
be a Greek freighter that was rumored to have run aground in 1938. We went abord her and did some “archaeology”
by finding the ship’s log dated 1979.
Blueprints were found putting her construction in
The Marker 7 Wreck was found by the whole group doing a drift dive along the reef wall. Many large pots (zilla – storage vessels) were found in the reef wall. No ships timbers were found. The ship probably hit the reef, dropped some of her cargo, and sank elsewhere.
Marker 7 wreck pottery.
Photos courtesy Dr. Cheryl Ward FSU
1 M HIGH STORAGE VESSEL (zilla)
TOM’s WRECK ca 1750’s
Marker 7 Wreck Dated
• Zilla Pottery with 3” and 12 ” Openings match dated Sadana and Tom’s Wreck’s.
• Found copper bowl has close similarities to Sadana Wreck copper bowl.
CONCLUSION: Marker 7 Wreck is probably Ottoman from
the same 1750’s period- carrying cargo and pilgrims from Jeddah to